: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: Abuta grandifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on internet. Accessed: Angiosperms · Menispermaceae · Abuta. Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Abuta (family. Abuta grandifolia is a species of plants with 1 observation.

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Saponins and alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia [2012]

This page was last edited on 16 Februaryat You just have to cook the useful parts of the plant and take a drink of it. Abuta is one abuya the components of the arrow poison curare of some indigenous tribes of South America especially Abuta imene from Colombia.

Abuta is a genus in the flowering plant family Menispermaceaeof about 32 species, native to tropical Central and South America. Palmatine has a strong antipyretic action as well as a depressant effect on the blood pressure and the central nervous system Grenand et al.

The family of Menispemaceae is rich in alkaloid, which explains the usefulness of this group of plants. Among the Siona, a leaf grandidolia is used as a febrifuge, and also as an ingredient of curare Schultes and Raffauff, The genera Anelasma Miers and Batschia Thunb.

Abuta grandifolia – Useful Tropical Plants

A decoction of the leaves mixed with the bark of “piton” is drunk by women before giving birth to speed the recovery of their their strength Lescure et al. The animals hunted grandifplia blowpipes and poisoned arrows or even humans die of the breakdown of the respiratory and heart muscles.


Engler, Das Pflanzenreich By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. For other uses, see Abuta disambiguation. Each tribe in the Amazon Region knows and uses this plant against grandifolix troubles such as headaches, stomachache, toothache, colds, sore throat, colic and tuberculosis.

In Ecuador it is used in labor for hemorrhage and pain, and has been employed to treat grandiffolia in nervous children; according to Schultes, one treatment lasts for one year Schultes and Raffauff, The poison curare usually is made of a mixture of several plants, the combination depends on the tribe and the shaman, but it contains always one of the species mentioned above. Curare is a poison, which paralyses the muscles when it gets into the blood circuit.

Roots of Abuta rufescens are used as medicinal in diseases grandifoolia the urogenital tractbut it is dangerous. Retrieved from ” https: Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits.

New cholinesterase inhibiting bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia.

Menispermaceae genera Neotropic ecozone flora Menispermaceae. The Quichua make a compress of the leaf decoction and use it to treat headache.

Abuta is usually classified in the tribe Anomospermeae Miers, together with Anomospermum Miers. Bark used as Peruvian ayahuasca ingredient, dart poison and headache remedy Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits. It has been grandiifolia studied and shown to contain the alkaloids palmatine and derivatives of berberine. It is also used to treat snakebite Schultes and Raffauff, Much more important than the fruits is the medicinal usage of the leaves, the bark and the roots.


This effect utilises even our modern medicine abkta an extract of Chondrodendron tormentosum to relax the muscles of the patients during surgery.

This vine whose range includes the Amazon Basin was originally collected in Shushufindi Vickers and Grandifolix, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

But today this substance is produce artificially. The Plant-Book 2nd ed.

Views Read Edit View history. Illustrations A-F from A. It should be mentioned that Abuta grandifolia belongs to the same family as Chondrodendron tormentosum and Curares toxifera, which are the main components o the poison curare. See Grandifoliz of Abuta species. It is in the tropical rain forest.

It consists in dioecious climbers or rarely erect trees or shrubs Abuta concolor with simple leaves. But both species are found more frequently further in jungle than at the foot of the Andes. The dichloromethane extracts of Abuta grandifolia and Minthostachys setosa Labiatae demonstrated high larvicidal activity against Aedes aegyptithe most active being the dichloromethane extract of A.

Flowers in composed panicles. Sometimes they add Abuta grandifolia to the mixture but it is not one of the main auta.