Gprof is a performance analysis tool for Unix applications. It used a hybrid of instrumentation Another implementation was written as part of the GNU project for GNU GPROF output consists of two parts: the flat profile and the call graph. Gprof is a profiling program which collects and arranges statistics on your lly, it looks Write hate-mail to gnu (but don’t tell them I told you to). If you are a programmer, who writes code in C, Pascal, or Fortran77 programming language and uses Linux as the development platform, youll be glad to.

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Sampling is done by probing the target program’s program counter at regular intervals using operating system interrupts programmed via profil 2 or setitimer 2 syscalls. Get your subscription here. The amount of error is usually more than one sampling period.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Here’s the flat profile in my case:. So, if through porfiler testing, we can enhance the performance of these functions in code, the overall performance of the software becomes better. There’s no doubt that testing is an integral and one of the most important aspects of the software development process.

How to install and use profiling tool Gprof on Linux

Your name or email address: The GNU profiler gprof is a useful tool for measuring the performance of a program–it records the number of calls to each function and the amount of time spent there, on a per-function basis.


Tnu you can install it using the following command:. According to the tool’s official documentation, it gives users an execution profile of their C, Pascal, or Fortran77 programs. Instrumentation code is automatically inserted into the program code during compilation for example, by using the ‘-pg’ option of the gcc compilergu gather caller-function data.

GNU gprof – Table of Contents

At run-time, timing values are obtained by statistical sampling. It used a hybrid of instrumentation and sampling [1] and was created as an extended version of the older “prof” tool. Note that ideally I would have compiled the above code using the following command:.

Download and Install Gprof Gprof Usage. Consequently efforts to decrease the run-time of the program should concentrate on the former. Unlike prof, gprof is capable of limited call graph collecting and printing. It can be analyzed with gprof by giving the name of the executable as an argument:. Needless to say, the best way to understand a gnnu like Gprof is through a practical example.

Log in or Sign up. This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat gpro Output is sorted by percentage, with hot spots at the top of the list.


Gprof – Wikipedia

Not to be confused with the perfect hash function generator gperf. From GProf to DTrace “2. So, now use the Gprof tool in the following way:. Profilef the program consists of more than one source file then the -pg option should be used when compiling each source file, and used again when linking the object files to create the final executable as shown above. Gough, foreword by Richard M.

The tnu columns in the output provide information on the total number of function calls made, and the time spent in each function. As is usually the case, a function or a group of functions may correspond to one of the many features of a software. Mutual recursion and non-trivial cycles are not resolvable by the gprof approach context-insensitive call graphbecause it only records arc traversal, not full call chains.

What Gprof basically does is, it calculates the amount of time spent in each routine or function.

Views Read Edit View history. Cycles are discovered, and calls into a cycle are made to share the time of the cycle. On this page What is Gprof?