handboek over metalen ramen wees J. Wieland er in op dat dankzij het Le panneau Gyproc classique d’Eternit était recouvert d’un papier de couleur. Gyproc, Fermacell, Renggli AG and for all the technical data we could [2] SBR (several authors), „Handboek houtskeletbouw‟, , SBR. handboek over metalen ramen wees J. Wieland er in op dat dankzij het end of the s onwards, Gyproc-Benelux also produced the Metal-Stud.

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These funeral options offer better possibilities for recycling of valuable metallic remains, which would otherwise disappear with the remains, going into soil, water and air. The impact of resomation is probably lowest of all funeral techniques. Shadow prices are used for the impact in the different impact categories to calculate the total environmental impact of a funeral technique.

Also in this case the order of preference does not change. This file not hosted in this site Source: Scattering over land is different: More details about fyproc shadow price method are given in Appendix B.


VDI enclosureAv. Explanation to figure Examination of how More information. The provided numbers for average natural gas consumption per cremation varied from 15 up to 45 cubic metres. This shows that the specific material choice does influence the net result of cryomation, but does not change the general conclusions about the environmental impact of the four funeral hanbdoek Metal recycling This sensitivity analysis investigated to what extent the results are influenced by variation in the benefits of recycling as a consequence of the choice for the percentage of primary metal in the production of metals.


For the first two, this is caused by the part of the coffins that is made of softwood. This research describes the realization phase. Nevertheless the order of preference does not change. Terug naar de natuur. Furthermore chapter vyproc contains references to the data sources and discusses a number of key assumptions.

The price level at the crossing of the emission objective and the supply of emission mitigation is called the shadow price, being the highest acceptable price for the government to be paid by society for improving environmental quality. With respect to burial, human toxicity and climate change.

Photochemical oxidants can be formed in the troposphere under influence of ultraviolet light by the photochemical oxidation of volatile organic compounds VOC and carbon monoxide CO in the presence of nitrogen oxides NOx.

Environmental impact of different funeral technologies

As a 6 This is not the case if the ashes are scattered over sea after having been kept in a columbarium, but this possibility is neglected here because it would be a small fraction, given the share gypproc scattering over sea.

This approach to quantify environmental impacts is described in the ExternE research program Externalities of Energy. Load-bearing interior wall Domentbeschrijving. Comparison of Pipe Materials Dongwook.

Land competition is the dominant theme for three of the four techniques. Table 6 Distribution of substances in the landfill model that has been used to calculate environmental impact of burial of human remains. This is based upon the following principles. As a basis for the calculations, a research by Forbes was used that, despite being over twenty years old at this moment, is one of the most complete and most frequently referred researches in this field.


Learn by Video – matrix. Body covering includes body bag, coffin and, if relevant, special clothing. Scattering over land is assumed to take place over a scattering field. Gyprod Declaration More information.

Where values were unclear for example below the detection limit a worst case approach was followed in this example the emission level was assumed to be on the detection limit. For resomation the use of a body bag is mandatory.

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Nevertheless there always remains range of subjects which might be interesting to investigate into further detail. In this way, all four techniques are pulled to one level as much as possible. Goal Definition and Scope However, this graph shows as well that the used recycling percentages do not change the major conclusions; burial still has the largest shadow price and resomation has the smallest one, in all scenarios. Process description and cost of production.

The body is then subjected to a controlled pressure which reduces the body into smaller fractions.

Uandboek the cryomation and resomation routes, recycling of gold gives a relevant avoided effect. Variations in water, gas and electricity use have minor influence on impact.