The scale is composed of 24 items divided into 2 subscales, 13 concerning performance anxiety, and 11 pertaining to social situations. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) was the first evaluation The score equal to or greater than 32 is suggested as a cutoff score for the. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is a widely used The original LSAS model implied by the scoring instructions yields seven.

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Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. We examined the concurrent validity by comparing the scores on each proposed LSAS subscale for participants with and without a diagnosis of SAD.

Qiyong Gong, Academic Editor.

One study that provided data on racial composition of their sample included only five African Americans Baker et al. Analysis was performed, using the ROC curve, between the following clinical groups: Such analyses are needed given that none of the previously proposed factor structures were good fits for our data.

Research supports a cut-off point of 30in which SAD is unlikely. Thus, while there are mixed findings for the factor structure of the LSAS in European American samples, our understanding is even less clear in non-European samples.

Identification Questionnaire This questionnaire is composed of 16 items aimed at the sociodemographic characterization of the participants. Strengths of our study include use of a clinical sample of adults of varying ages and SES, compared to previous studies that utilized undergraduate samples Melka et al.

Whereas the original factor structures generally held for the European American sample, several items needed to be dropped for the models to fit the African American sample.

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Overall fit in covariance structure models: Support Center Support Center. The capacity of the LSAS-SR to discriminate between the different participants according to the variables gender, sample group and subtype of the disorder SAD generalized or circumscribed was also verified, with the results presented in Table 5. Behaviour Research and Therapy.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale

Behaviour Research and Therapy. When avoidance is not possible, physiological symptoms, such as sweating and flushing, can be seen. These additional four subscales are: In the clinician administered version, subjects with social anxiety disorder had significantly higher LSAS-CA scores than subjects with other anxiety disorders and healthy controls. The LSAS is the most frequently used form of social anxiety assessment in research, clinical-based, and pharmacotherapy studies. All psychometric investigations, including the current one, have repeatedly found that the original fear and avoidance subscales yield redundant information.

To assess social phobia, psychologists and clinicians need to distinguish between performance anxiety and social interaction anxiety in order to make an accurate diagnosis.

Psychometric Properties of the French Version in a non-clinical adolescent sample”. The original LSAS subscales demonstrated excellent internal consistency and temporal stability. Acknowledgements We thank Michael Armey for consultation on our data analyses.

A possible explanation for the differences in the cutoff results in these studies is the cultural specificities of the context of each study, as these specificities tend to influence the diagnosis and the recognition of certain individual characteristics as SAD symptoms.

Conclusions The original LSAS subscales demonstrated excellent internal consistency and temporal lieebowitz. Depress Anxiety6: Regarding the discrimination between the clinical groups, the group C participants presented a mean score significantly higher, in both the total score and scorng the scores of the subscales, than the SC group, with both groups presenting higher means than the NC group.


Am J Psychiatry Factor analyses have not supported the original 2-factor model and have instead supported a different four-factor structure.

Additionally, future investigations are needed to examine the convergent and divergent validity of the LSAS in Sczle American samples. Measures Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale, self-report version LSAS-SR; Liebowitz, [ 4 ] The scale is composed of 24 items, scored on a Likert-type scale of four points, on two subscales related to the fear and the avoidance of different social situations experienced in the previous week.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale – Wikipedia

Eur Psychiatry22 4: Such work may inform about whether the construct of social anxiety is similar and should be measured similarly across racial and ethnic groups.

Similarly, those individuals who had been diagnosed with generalized SAD, which is characterized by the presence of fear and avoidance in various social situations, presented higher scores than those patients with circumscribed SAD, who show symptoms of the disorder in specific situations, reinforcing previously encountered data [ 29 ].

Based on psychometric examination of other anxiety measures in African Americans, we expected that previous factor structures identified in mostly European samples would not fit well in our sample. Examining commonly used measures in a cross-cultural manner is crucial to ensure that research based on such measures in these samples yields reliable and valid data.

Screening for social anxiety disorder in the clinical setting: